what is damping
Damping is the tendency of vibrations to die down, as the energy is converted into heat.
Example of low damping: A steel structure with tight bolt connections.
Example of high damping: A plastic material, or a structure with loose connections.
Damping determines the magnitude of resonant vibrations, for example Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV).
How to inrease the damping?
Damping can be increased by adding a Tuned Mass Damper (TMD).
Examples of motion with low damping (blue) and high damping (red)
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